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Welcome to New South Wales

Welcome to New South Wales. New South Wales is the most populous and most-visited state in Australia. It is home to the city of Sydney which is the largest city in Australia and home to many tourist attractions of its own. This state profile page was built for you to better understand New South Wales through scientific studies and data conducted by various prominent institutions around the world. You can also find information about holidays, festivals, transportation, and destinations.

Map of New South Wales

Basic Stats

Travel Safety Rating: 8/10

Targeted Groups: Middle Easterners (including the citizens of Iran and Turkey), Aboriginal Australian Peoples, Pacific Islanders

General Sanitation Rating: 7/10

Food Safety Rating for Foreigners: 6/10

Tourism Infrastructure Rating: 9/10

Fluency in English Rating: 10/10

Languages Spoken: English + Mandarin

These stats were collected through general studies by prominent institutions that analyzed New South Wales' tourism sector. They represent New South Wales as a whole, not certain parts of the state that are either better or worse-off. These studies were then summarized into a given rating.

History of New South Wales

Before European arrival, Australian Aboriginal Groups who were primarily hunter-gatherers, lived in present-day New South Wales for thousands of years.

In the 18th century, Capt. John Cook claimed New South Wales for Britain and New South Wales became Britain's first Australian colony. The colony was later divided into numerous other colonies (now called states) including Queensland, Victoria, The Canberra Capital District, and Tasmania.

After joining the Federation in 1901, the economy of New South Wales grew rapidly. However, this didn't last long. New South Wales was one of the hardest hit states in Australia during the Great Depression and World Wars.

During the postwar period, New South Wales saw very rapid expansion. The state welcomed immigrants from all over the world that helped New South Wales grow into an even more diverse and prosperous region. The public transportation systems of Sydney and other cities were also heavily invested into.



Sydney is the capital and largest city of New South Wales as well as the largest city and former capital of Australia. It is home to attractions like the Sydney Opera House, Bondi Beach, and the Sydney Harbour Bridge.

Sydney Sydney Sydney Sydney

Royal National Park

Located just south of Sydney, Royal National Park offers some of the best beaches, mountains, and wildlife in all of New South Wales.

Isle Royal National Park Sunrise Royal National Park, Sydney AUS royal-national-park-coast Amphitheatre, Royal Natal National Park


Newcastle is the second-largest city in New South Wales and is famous for its beaches and a coastal walk called Bathers Way.

Newcastle Beach Australia: Newcastle Australia: Newcastle Newcastle (Australia) - Nobby's lighthouse

Central Coast

The Central Coast is a series of resort towns lying on the Pacific Ocean north of Sydney.

The power and beauty of the ocean! Rock formation Drizzling Cove, Central Coast, Australia. Patonga Beach at Daybreak

Holidays and Festivals

Sydney New Year's Eve

"On New Year’s Eve, New South Wales counts down across the state. However, the center of the celebrations is found at the Sydney Harbour Bridge and Sydney Harbour. All day, New Year’s Eve brings families and couples looking for a fun way to bring in the New Year. A massive fireworks display caps off a wonderful night" - iExplore

Sydney New Years Eve 2016-2017

Blues and Roots Festival

"The Blues and Roots Festival is one of the most exciting music events in the state. It is held in the city of Byron Bay, which rests upon the northeastern coastline of New South Wales. The festival occurs every Easter, which usually falls at the end of March or early in April" - iExplore

Beverly Jo Scott @ Cahors Blues Festival 2011


"Newcastle is home to New South Wales’ largest surfing competition, and not surprisingly, some of Australia’s best beaches. Thousands of people flock to the beaches of Newcastle for this event, which is held at Merewether Beach in the month of March" - iExplore

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New South Wales is easily accessible by public transportation. The transportation including trams, trains, and buses can easily get you in, out, and around Sydney.

Still have questions? You can watch this explainer video for more information.

Book a trip to New South Wales

Booking Hotels Combined Agoda Kayak

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