Sydney is the second-largest city and main economic hub of Australia. It is known for tourist attractions like the Sydney Opera House, as well as its beautiful beaches.
Canberra is the capital and main administrative center of Australia. It houses important government buildings and institutions.
Melbourne is the largest city of Australia and is located in the Australian state of Victoria. It is also one of Australia's oldest cities and houses some of the country's most historic buildings.
Tasmania is a beautiful island in southern Australia that is known for its beaches, surfing, hiking, and national parks.
Brisbane is the capital and largest city of the Australian state, Queensland. It is known for tourist attractions like the Queensland Museum and the Gallery of Modern Art.
Perth is the largest city on Australia's west coast and is known for its sandy beaches, museums, botanic gardens, and parks.
Adelaide is the largest city in the Australian state of South Australia. It is known for its history and museums.
The country of Australia has two main climates. In the north of the country, Australia has a typical tropical climate, with warm winters and hot summers, while the south of the country experiences cooler summers and wetter winters.
Answer: The best time to visit Australia is during the months of September and October.CANBERRA WEATHER
Arvo means: Afternoon
Ankle biter means: Child
Chrissie means: Christmas
Coldie means: Beer
The first indigenous Australians came to the country roughly fifty thousand years ago. These tribes were primarily hunter gatherers, and many held important artistic traditions, centered around the use of stone. The tribes also developed their own religions, and many mountains, peaks, and natural sites were considered sacred to them. The majority of the native population lived in the south and east of the country, although a sizable amount of natives had also settled the island of Tasmania. When Europeans arrived in the 18th century, the population of Indigenous Australians stood at more than 300,000 with around 250 distinct individual nations. The first European to land in Australia was the Dutch navigator, Willem Janszoon, who was a colonial governor of modern-day Indonesia, at the start of the 17th century. The Dutch called the continent New Holland, and several expeditions followed that of Janszoon. News of the discovery of a continent quickly spread across Western Europe and by 1770, James Cook claimed the east coast of Australia for Great Britain. The British quickly appointed a governor for their new territorial claim, who was instructed to establish friendly diplomatic relations with the natives.
However, the arrival of foreigners brought new diseases. Diseases like the measles and smallpox killed off many indigenous tribes, and by 1795 war broke out. The British massacred indigenous clans near Sydney in what was known as the Conflict in the Hawkesbury Nepean. Three more wars between the British and the natives followed. Throughout the early 19th century, the situation between the British colonists and the natives was one of constant conflict and failed diplomacy. The British started bringing in criminals from its colonies around the world, and the Australian population grew fast. The prisoners worked in forced labor, and were supervised by an increasingly powerful elite. In the 1830s, the British elite grew discontent with its poor treatment of the native peoples and sought to establish governors for aboriginal rights. The governors wielded almost no influence over actual decision-making, and the natives were not keen to succumb to their authority. By 1868, over one hundred sixty thousand convicts were brought to the country.
Although the British had started by settling the east coast, they quickly started to expand westward. Explorers, adventurers, and immigrants from European countries like Germany and Italy, joined them. After gold was discovered, even more immigrants moved to Australia, not only from European nations, but also from China, Canada, and the United States. American author Mark Twain visited Australia in the 1890s and documented his experiences, inspiring other Americans to travel to Australia. Chinese immigration grew fast and many Chinese workers were exploited, mistreated, and abused by their employers in Australia. By the early 20th century, there was an intense sense of nationalism in Australia, and a federation of multiple British colonies was created. Australia gained independence from the UK, but was still on good terms with the British Government.
The country fought in World War One and helped defeat Japan in World War Two. During the Cold War, Australia was a staunch ally of the United States, and even attempted to ban its communist party. During the Vietnam War, Australia continued to aid the United States, but withdrew from the conflict after many casualties. Since the Vietnam War, Australia continued to invest into its economy and is seen as one of the fastest-growing developed countries.
"All of Australia's cities have reliable, affordable public bus systems. In the bigger, cities such as Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Adelaide, and Perth, you'll even find subways and tram systems. This is the cheapest way to travel the cities. Fares cost between 3-4 AUD." - Nomadic Matt