Welcome to Germany. Germany is a country in Central Europe that is known for its long history, castles, natural beauty, and good food.
These stats were collected through general studies by prominent institutions that analyzed Germany's tourism sector. They represent Germany as a whole, not certain parts of the country that are either better or worse-off. These studies were then summarized into a given rating.
Berlin is the capital and largest city of Germany.
Frankfurt is the largest city in Western Germany and is located near the country's border with France and Belgium.
Munich is the capital and largest city of Bavaria.
The history of Germany as a country starts in the 8th century BCE with the Germanic tribes. During ancient times, large parts of Germany fell under the rule of Gaul, a country which had formed in present-day France and was expanding eastward. In the south, Germany was gradually being conquered into the Roman Empire. The Romans conquered the southern half of the country, including the city of Cologne, but were beaten back by an alliance of Germanic and Northern European tribes and the French. With the arrival of Lombards to Northern Italy, the Roman Empire completely collapsed. After this, Germany fell under brief French rule. During the Middle Ages, Germany was ruled by a complex system of duchies, the largest and most powerful being the Duchy of Bavaria. The different duchies eventually united and formed the increasingly powerful Holy Roman Empire, which joined the Hanseatic League. In the 11th century, the empire looked eastward and gradually conquered Polish-Lithuanian lands and competed with Denmark and Sweden for influence over the Baltic states. The Protestant Reformation came to Germany in the 16th century, and the country conquered Austria. Germany fought a brutal civil war in the 17th century. Science and new technologies also played an increasingly important role in modernizing the country, although, with the rise of Prussia, the empire was once again divided into warring factions. The new German states also fought several wars with France. In the 18th century, Prussia faced increasing challenges and several parts of the country broke off, causing even more violence and chaos. In the 19th century, Germany lost Westphalia to French control. However, Germany soon united and formed a loose alliance with Great Britain. The German Empire formed in 1871 and the country joined the Scramble for Africa. In the 20th century, Germany lost both world wars and participated in brutal ethnic cleansing during the Holocaust. The country was divided into a NATO-backed West Germany and a Soviet-backed East Germany. Germany unified in 1990.
"Public transportation is not currently free in Germany, although this is something the government are considering as a way to help combat air pollution. It is, however, heavily subsidized, and the cost of the U-Bahn, S-Bahn, trams, and buses in major cities is very cheap compared to London, Paris, and Zurich." - Expatrio